AI engine can detect logical fallacies

Here is only a short list of fallacies our AI engine is trained to detect. Some of those it regognises much better then others, for instance, Name Calling is the easiest to detect. Most of these fallacies are from informal logical fallacies group but False Dichotomy is listed as Denying a conjunct in formal fallacies list.

  • Ad Hominem - (personal attack) - Making a personal attack against the person saying the argument, rather than directly addressing the issue.

  • Name Calling - One of the simplest forms of Ad Hominem attack. We are putting here the Identity Politics too.

  • Red Herrings - One of the main subtypes of Fallacies of Relevance, is an error in logic where a proposition is, or is intended to be, misleading in order to make irrelevant or false inferences. In the general case any logical inference based on fake arguments, intended to replace the lack of real arguments or to replace implicitly the subject of the discussion

  • Appeal to Authority - (argumentum ad verecundiam) - Believing just because an authority or “expert” believes something than it must be true.

  • Appeal to Emotion - sometimes also called Child Excuse - Trying to persuade someone by manipulating their emotions – such as fear, anger, or ridicule – rather than making a rational case.

  • Appeal to Tradition (argumentum ad antiquitatem) - Believing something is right just because it’s been done around for a really long time.

  • Ad Populum (appeal to widespread belief, bandwagon argument, appeal to the majority, appeal to the people) - Thinking an argument must be true because it’s popular or because a majority or many people believe it to be so.

  • Strawman fallacy – Misrepresenting or exaggerating another person’s argument to make it easier to attack.

  • Appeal to Ignorance (ad ignorantiam) - Thinking a claim is true (or false) because it can’t be proven true (or false).

  • Hasty Generalization (secundum quid) or Jumping to Conclusions or Anecdotal Evidense - basing a broad conclusion on a small sample

  • False Dilemma (false dichotomy, false choice fallacy, black-or-white fallacy) - two alternative statements are held to be the only possible options when in reality there are more.

  • Reduction to Absurdity (ad absurdum) - form of argument that attempts to establish a claim by showing that the opposite scenario would lead to absurdity or contradiction.

  • Slippery Slope (thin edge of the wedge, camel’s nose) - asserting that a proposed, relatively small, first action will inevitably lead to a chain of related events resulting in a significant and negative event and, therefore, should not be permitted.

  • Fallacy of Composition - argument assuming that something true of part of a whole must also be true of the whole. And at the same time the opposite - Fallacy of Division - assuming that something true of a thing must also be true of all or some of its parts

  • Conspiracy Theory - argument assuming that something true because some hidden powers are thought to participate in the matter of things.

  • Begging the Question - Making an argument that something is true by using precursors only assumed to be true.

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